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English Alphabet: Perfect Pronunciation of Letters | Comprehensive Guide on Sounds and Accents

    Today, we will begin with the basics – the alphabet in English. In this article, we explore the challenges and strategies for correctly pronouncing English words and letters, providing an essential guide to mastering the distinctive sounds of this language.

    The English alphabet has 26 letters, made up of 21 consonants and 5 vowels.

    CapitalLower caseLetter namePhonetic alphabet
    AaaApple
    BbbeeBall
    CcceeCup
    DddeeDog
    EeeEgg
    FfefFish
    GggeeGirl
    Hh(h)aitchHorse
    IiiIgloo
    JjjayJuice
    KkkayKite
    LlelLeaf
    MmemMoon
    NnenNest
    OooOctopus
    PppeePencil
    QqcueQueen
    RrarRabbit
    SsessSanke
    TtteeTea
    UuuUp, Umbrella
    VvveeVest
    Wwdouble-uWatermelon
    XxexX-ray
    YywyYogurt
    Zzzee/zedZebra

    Please do not get confused as there are some words that may be pronounced differently based on where you’re coming from, be it from the British side or the American side. Now, let’s dive into silent letters.

    Silent letters are letters that do not have any sound, or they don’t correspond to any sound when a particular word is spoken out loud. Some words contain a silent letter because they came from another language. Take the word «psychology» as an example, which has Greek origin. The word “ps-” doesn’t follow the English phonological rules hence, the first letter was converted/ removed and made a silent letter but remember that the spelling remained the same. Now, let’s go to:

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    When learning how to speak English, there are going to be some words that stump English learners and native speakers too. Even though each letter of the English alphabet has a certain sound, when combined with other letters, this sound can change. Learning these variations will improve your pronunciation and help you sound like a native speaker.

    • It sounds like an ‘f’ in words such as «cough», «laugh», «tough».
    • It becomes silent in words such as «night», «bought».

      Let’s go the next sound.

    It vibrates slightly in words such as, «these», «that», «them» and it can become silent in words such as «three», «thing», «thought».

    Let’s go to the:

    Letter ‘c’ can be pronounced in two different ways:

    • It can be pronounced as ‘s’, in words such as «receive», «cinema», or «agency».
    • And it can also be pronounced as ‘k’, in words such as «cake», «come», «cry».

    The letter ‘s’ can also be pronounced in two different ways:

    • It can be pronounced as an ‘s’, in words such as «send», or «simple».
    • It can also be pronounced as a ‘z’, in words such as «cause», or «reason».

    We also have the long ‘i’ and the short ‘i’. For the long ‘I’, we have words such as «leave», «feet» and for the short ‘i’, we have words such as «fit», «sit».

    Let’s look at:

    When it comes to the vowel sounds, it may seem like there is no method to the madness.
    So, let’s look at three tricky sounds for the word ‘a’.

    • We have the “short a” /æ/ for words such as in «man», «bat», «add» and
    • The “long a” /eɪ/, for words such as «play», «make» and we also have
    • The “unstressed a” /ə/, for words such as «America»,

    Alright, young scholars’ great job! Now you know the English alphabet! In the next video, we will learn numbers and how to form them in English!

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