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Verbs and Tenses in English – Different Types with Explanations and Examples | English Grammar

    In today’s video we will learn about verbs and tenses in English…let’s have a closer look! Understanding these tenses is essential for clear communication in English, as they indicate when an action happens and its duration. We’ll cover various tenses and their usage, helping you express yourself accurately. Stay tuned for an enlightening dive into English grammar!

    VERBS and TENSES in English

    What are action verbs?

    Verbs are action words or states of being that express what the subject is doing.

    • Examples: «Run», «sleep».

    Different types of verbs and examples

    • Regular verbs. They usually add -ed or -d to form the past tense and past participle.

    For example: «Walk», «walked», «walked».

    • Irregular verbs. These are verbs that do not follow a predictable pattern when they change form. They have different forms for the past tense and the past participle that are not based on the present tense form.

    For example: «Go, went, gone» – «See, the past tense is saw, and the past participle is seen».

    • Transitive verbs. These are verbs that require an object to complete their meaning. The object is the person or thing that receives the action of the verb.

    For example: «She loves him»

    • Intransitive verbs. These are verbs that do not require an object to complete their meaning. They can stand alone without the object.

    For example: «She smiled».

    • Linking verbs. They do not show action, but rather describe the state or condition of the subject.

    For example: «She is happy» «They look tired»

    • Helping verbs (also called auxiliary verbs). These are verbs that help the main verb in a sentence by adding more information about the tense, mood, or voice. They are usually placed before the main verb.

    For example: «He can speak three languages» «She was singing a song».

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    Tenses in English

    • tense is a form of a verb that indicates when the action, state, or occurrence happens from the present time.

    For example: « I run (present), I ran (past), I will run (future)».

    • There are three main tenses in English: present, past, and future. Each tense has four aspects: simple, perfect, continuous, and perfect continuous.

    How to form the verb tenses and aspects in English, with some examples:

    TenseAspectFormExample
    PastSimpleVerb + -ed (regular) or irregular form«I walked; I saw»
    PastPerfectHad + past participle«I had walked, I had seen»
    PastContinuousWas/were + present participle«I was walking, I was seeing»
    PastPerfect continuousHad been + present participle«I had been walking»
    PresentSimpleVerb (singular + -s)«I walk, he sees»
    PresentPerfectHave/has + past participle«I have walked, I have seen»
    PresentContinuousAm/is/are + present participle«I am walking, they are walking, he is walking»
    PresentPerfect continuousHave/has been + present participle«I have been walking, he has been seeing»
    FutureSimpleWill + verb«I will walk, I will see»
    FuturePerfectWill have + past participle«I will have walked; I will have seen»
    FutureContinuousWill be + present participle«I will be walking»
    FuturePerfect continuousWill have been + present participle«I will have been walking, I will have been seeing»

    Let’s look at some examples of these tenses in sentences:

    For the past simple: «I visited Paris last summer.»

    For the present simple: «I always wake up at 7 am.»

    For the future simple: «I will call you tomorrow.»

    For the present continuous: «I am currently studying for my exams.»

    For the past continuous: «I was watching TV when the phone rand.»

    For the future continuous: «This time next week, I will be traveling to New York.»

    For the present perfect: «I have visited London three times

    For the past perfect: «By the time I arrived, they had already left.»

    For the future perfect: «I will have finished my work before the deadline.»

    We have reached the end of this interesting lesson. With exercises and a bit of practice, we are confident that you will soon be able to use every verb tense in English. In the next lesson, we will focus on English Prepositions (Double, Compound, and with Participle), but for now, all that’s left is to wish you good studying. See you soon!

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